6 December Pearl Harbor U-turn: How US forces attacked Japan BEFORE infamous World War 2 attack

6 December Pearl Harbor U-turn: How US forces attacked Japan BEFORE infamous World War 2 attack

PEARL HARBOR was devastated by Japanese bombers 79 years ago, and as the US military prepares to commemorate the anniversary of the attack, a new historical angle suggests American forces issued the first strike.

US military top brass, veterans, and Americans the world over are readying themselves to commemorate 79 years since Pearl Harbor was pounded by an arsenal of Japanese fighter jets. The coronavirus pandemic will prevent survivors from gathering at the annual ceremony that has been held in Honolulu for decades. Axis forces reached the Hawaiian island on the morning on December 7, 1945, just before 08:00am.

December 6 (Language) The seventh day of the last month of the year is recorded with two major international events in history. Indeed, on 7 December 1941, Japanese bombers suddenly attacked the US naval base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, during which six warships, 112 boats and 164 combat aircraft were destroyed. A total of more than 2400 American soldiers were killed in the attack. The second major recorded history of history on December 7 is 2001, when the Taliban left their fortress of Kandahar in Afghanistan.

Around 353 Imperial Japanese aircraft let rip at the US naval base, destroying a whole fleet of ships and thousands of lives. The attack on Pearl Harbor has been regarded throughout history as being the catalyst for the US' formal entrance to World War 2.

In all, 2,335 US military personnel were killed – mainly those who were aboard the targeted ships, with four battleships sunk, a further four damaged, and 188 aircraft destroyed.

However, alternative viewpoints have been floated ever since, with one theory pushed during the documentary 'Greatest Events of WWII in Colour: Pearl Harbor'.

Steve Twomey, author of the book Countdown to Pearl Harbor, said: Kimmel was slated to play golf with Walter Short (lieutenant general). Several US military authors and professors recalled the story of Husband E. Kimmel, a US Navy Officer and commander in chief of the United States Fleet and the Pacific Fleet, as one of the most decisive factors of the US failure to act. Kimmel was up when he got the phone call - the planes were now attacking Pearl Harbor. He put on his uniform, had it only partially unbuttoned and walked out on to the lawn of his house, and from there, looked out at history unfolding in front of him.

Yet, despite the warning, Kimmel failed to prepare for an axis attack. It was quickly learned that, on the morning of the attack, Kimmel had been informed of an enemy submarine having been destroyed just outside Pearl Harbor.

On this, Geoffrey Wawro, professor of Military History at the University of North Texas explained: "So the great irony here is that America fires the first shot in the Pacific war.

"Because we fling all these depth charges at this Japanese midget submarine.

"That's one of the failings of that morning."

"So we fire the first shot, and then we stand down and allow ourselves to be attacked."

Laura Lawfer Orr, author of the book 'Never Call Me a Hero' said: "Kimmel has heard so many war warnings at this point that, even when USS Ward says, 'I depth-charged this submarine and sank it,' he just doesn't believe it could possibly be true.

It was at this point that Kimmel knew his days as fleet commander were over.

He was reduced from a four-star to a two-star rank of rear admiral.

Craig Symonds, Professor of Maritime History at the US Naval War College, explained: "And, of course, he later famously said: 'If only one of those bombs had killed me, how much better it would have been'."

President Franklin D. Roosevelt launched the Roberts Commission to investigate the attack.

It concluded Kimmel and his counterpart, Short, were guilty of errors of judgment and dereliction of duty in the events leading up to the attack.

In targeting the island, Japan intended to prevent the US from interfering with its planned military actions in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the UK, the Netherlands, and the US, and to pursue its programme of expansionism.

This was wildly miscalculated, however, as the US officially declared war on Japan shortly after the attack.

1975: Immediately after the declaration of independence of East Timor, Indonesia army attacked and captured it. 1988: Many cities were devastated by a massive earthquake in northwest Armenia. 1995: Launch of communication satellite inset 2C. 2001: The Taliban decided to leave their religious stronghold Kandahar after several weeks of American bombing. 2004: Hamid Karzai was sworn in as the first elected President in Afghanistan.

Japan was the last axis power to surrender in World War 2.

It only capitulated to the allies following the horrific atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that left the country and its people crippled - an event that would negatively influence Japanese society even today.